More good news is that drug use and addiction are preventable. Results from NIDA-funded research have shown that prevention programs involving families, schools, communities, and the media are effective for preventing or reducing drug use and addiction. Although personal events and cultural factors affect drug use trends, when young people view drug use as harmful, they tend to decrease their drug taking. Therefore, education and outreach are key in helping people understand the possible risks of drug use. Teachers, parents, and health care providers have crucial roles in educating young people and preventing drug use and addiction.
Research studies have found that certain women suffering with drug abuse or dependence, and co-occurring disorders, can achieve some benefit from prescription medication. Prescription medication is not a substitute for other therapeutic support in overcoming co-occurring disorders in persons suffering with substance dependence. However, when prescribed and managed by an addiction medicine specialist, prescription medication can mitigate symptoms of depression, anxiety and other co-occurring disorders. Relief from these symptoms may make it more comfortable for a woman to participate in addiction treatment and to take ownership of her recovery.