In ancient India, literature originated from stories that were originally orally transmitted. Early genres included drama , fables , sutras and epic poetry . Sanskrit literature begins with the Vedas , dating back to 1500–1000 BCE, and continues with the Sanskrit Epics of Iron Age India . The Vedas are among the oldest sacred texts . The Samhitas (vedic collections) date to roughly 1500–1000 BCE, and the "circum-Vedic" texts, as well as the redaction of the Samhitas, date to c. 1000‒500 BCE, resulting in a Vedic period , spanning the mid-2nd to mid 1st millennium BCE, or the Late Bronze Age and the Iron Age .  The period between approximately the 6th to 1st centuries BC saw the composition and redaction of the two most influential Indian epics, the Mahabharata and the Ramayana , with subsequent redaction progressing down to the 4th century AD. Other major literary works are Ramcharitmanas & Krishnacharitmanas.
3. Which of these statements is true?
A. The colloquialisms that J. D. Salinger used in “Catcher in the Rye” help to illustrate the mindset of his narrator and make him understandable to the average American reader.
B. Shakespeare used colloquial language by creating many new words that we use today.
C. Not even speakers of the Scottish dialect would immediately understand the colloquial language that Irvine Welsh employs in “Trainspotting.”
Answer to Question #3 Show
Answer: A is true. While Shakespeare did indeed create words that we still use today, this is not an example of using the colloquial language of his day, so B is false. Also, while some people from Scotland may struggle with the language that Welsh uses in Trainspotting, C is false because Welsh based his literary choices on the colloquialisms he was already familiar with in the Scottish dialect.